For dragoon guards regiments, the sequence is mixed, since these regiments have a Queen's Cavalry Standard and Regimental Guidons. This is blue, with a white cross and features St George and the Dragon in the centre. In the Italian Army, cavalry units carry a stendardo (standard) of the same pattern as the bandiera di guerra, but which measures 60 cm × 60 cm. A Sergeant-at-Arms dictates the orders during the ceremony. Units of the Bundeswehr have only a single Colour. As the national anthem (“Star Spangled Banner”), or “To the Colors” is sounded, the flag is lowered. The National Color is never dipped in salute, but remains vertical at all times, while the organizational colours and any guidons are dipped as necessary. Garrison colours are in blue with the Kuomintang emblem, a wheat wreath and 3 interlocked circles in yellow, red and blue respectively. Regulations set in 1813 unified infantry unit colours into one. The flags are quite similar to those of Land Army units, the difference being the wreaths in corners which encircle anchors instead of name of unit, except for the Naval Gunners (initials CM) and the Fleet Engineering Cadets College (initials EAMF). President's Colours (Standard and Guidon for mounted units of the Army and Air Force flying units and Banners for service arms and the light infantry) are awarded to distinguished units of the Armed Forces by the President of India, who is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, these are the equivalents to British regimental colours. The first is the National Color, which is a 36 in × 48 in version of the national flag trimmed with a 2.5 in wide gold fringe, and is the equivalent of the Queen's Colour in the British Army. In the centre is the Royal Cypher of the reigning monarch within the Garter, surmounted by the crown. Unlike the Colours of regiments in the Army, every Queen's Colour of the Royal Navy is identical. Get it as soon as Thu, Dec 24. The flames of the flames start and end on each side with a red colour, with the flaming tongues separated by a green circle in the four corners of the flag. Every military unit from the Ministry of defence down to all individual units have a stand of colours like in the United Kingdom, but differ from the battalion to the service and the national level. In the second and third quarters are horizontal stripes of red, yellow and blue, the colours of the unit's uniforms. In the Marine Corps, each battalion-sized unit or larger maintains a set of colours. Second order colours – regimental/wing guidons and banners: In the Spanish Armed Forces, guidons and banners are second order colours, but are more smaller (guidons are medium square shaped while banners are small square shaped). The flag is also surrounded by gold fringe. Ten red streamers with campaign honours inscribed in sky blue letters are also attached below the lance-head. The Regimental Colour will also have other distinctions, including antecedent emblems and unique honours; one significant example is the Sphinx emblem carried by regiments who took part in the Egypt campaign of 1801. In place of a Regimental Colour, the Gurkhas carry the Queen's Truncheon. Marines and sailors driving on base during this time are expected to stop their vehicles and stand at attention until the ceremony is over. In the 18th century the Imperial Russian Army started to have colours of its own. Afterward, military flags are displayed in order of the branch’s establishment: Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and then Coast Guard. RAF Colours are made of sky blue silk and measure approximately 36" × 36". When Naval Construction Battalions (Seabees) were first formed in 1942 the Naval Infantry Battalion Flag was mandated by Naval Regulation as the colours of the Naval Construction Force. The design of the colours of the Swedish Armed Forces of today dates back to several separate regulations from early 19th century up to the first united regulations of the three fighting services in 1972. The mottoes were different for every regiment (for example, those regiments made Guards in the Great Patriotic War bore the motto "Death to the German invaders", Смерть Немецким захватчикам, Smyert' Nyemyetskim zahvatchikam). The colour is decorated with a gold cord with two tassels and bordered with a thin strip of gold cord. [4][5] The Organizational Color identical to the Marine Corps Battle Color, excepting that the scroll will have the unit's name instead of "United States Marine Corps". 2080 S. Cucamonga Ave. Ontario, CA 91761 USA. Norwegian infantry units have a stand of colours – the first (King's Colour) is the national flag, while the second (Regimental Colour) is unique to each unit: The standard military colours of the Polish Armed Forces are in red and white, with the design tracing back to the Polish Second Republic, a standardized form based on earlier colours. The national coat of arms, measuring 29 × 21.5 cm, is applied in the middle of the yellow stripe, 18 cm above its base. [citation needed], Because the guns have the status of colours, gunners of commonwealth countries will attempt to prevent their guns falling intact into enemy hands both for practical reasons (so that the guns can not be turned and used against their own side) and for the honour of the regiment. Standards were also carried by naval and aviation units. As armies became trained and adopted set formations, each regiment's ability to keep its formation was potentially critical to its, and therefore its army's, success. Air Force: This is the Army Flag with the lower 40% coloured air force blue. The Regimental Colour (or Standard or Guidon) is always paraded whenever the regiment is on a formal parade. The design of the flag changes with the election of a new pope and the appointment of a new commander. The support is screwed onto the brass cylinder and has inscribed into the front the motto Onoare şi Patrie ("honour and Fatherland"). The Royal Hospital, Chelsea had neither colours nor other distinctive device during its entire history, until 2002 when The Queen presented the Hospital with the Sovereign's Mace. The official model for the military colours was established in 1911 and states that they should measure 120 cm in the hoist by 130 cm in the fly, the field being vertically divided in green and red, with the National coat of arms in the centre, surrounded by two golden olive branches tied by a white scroll containing the motto Esta é a Ditosa Pátria Minha Amada (This is my Beloved Blissful Motherland). Many traditional yacht clubs worldwide also conduct morning and evening colour ceremonies. Indeed, in countries where the decolonisation process had been conducted through peaceful political negotiations (chiefly French West Africa and French Equatorial Africa), French colonial units were sometimes directly inherited by the former colonies where they had been raised to form the basis of the new national armies. Units of Finnish Defence Forces have a single Colour. Honor and Sacrifice Flag : Air Force Retired . Rules stipulated by the Canadian Department of Defence state that the First, or Senior Colours symbolizes the unit's loyalty to the Crown; authorization to possess a Queen's Colour may only be granted, and the Colour presented by the Queen or her vice-regal representative. The union, white stars on a field of blue, is the honor point of the flag. However, each branch of the PLA has its own flag, based on the Army Flag, but are not taken out on public parades except with the same gold fringe as the latter: Individual unit colours based on the PLA service colour would only come in a test basis beginning 2018, when mobile contingents of units of the Northern Theater Command who took part in the joint military exercise "Vostok 2018" with the Russian Armed Forces carried red colours with the unit name on the white fringe nearest the flagpole. You can read our testimonials here from customers...we've been in business almost 40 years so we know how to answer all of your flag questions. Nicaragua's military colours under the Nicaraguan Armed Forces are heavily following US practice, as the Nicaraguan flag is treated as a National Colour. The tradition was also observed by the National People's Army of East Germany, whose unit colours mirrored the national flag. The 1948 and 1992 design colours, since the celebrations of the 60th anniversary of the conclusion of the Korean War in 2013, have been brought out only by guards units and KPA battalions sporting historical dress uniforms of the 1940s and early 1950s, the 1992 colours have a gold Guards Badge outline in the reverse to denote Guards status of the unit's colour while the colours only use the 1948 arms and motto instead of the current one. The flags are divided into four different designs, for: Royal Thai Army, Royal Thai Navy, Royal Thai Air Force and King's Guard units. It also emphasizes his constitutional role as Head and Chief of the Thai Armed Forces (จอมทัพไทย: Chomthap Thai). [3] Civil War era units sometimes carried alternative Organizational Colors based on their home state flags or of other designs. These flags mirrored the Commonwealth military colours of today, with one colour set as the state colour and the rest as the regimental and battalion or squadron colours. The shade of blue of the colour is the same as in the flag of United Nations. As a result, the capture of an enemy's standard was considered as a great feat of arms. Atop of the staff of colours of the Napoleonic army the Imperial Eagle (modelled after the Ancient Roman Aquila) was placed, which actually rose to be more important symbol of the regiment than colours itself. The coat of arms is made of silk with gold and silver embroidery. In military organizations, the practice of carrying colours, standards or guidons, both to act as a rallying point for troops and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Ancient Egypt some 5,000 years ago. Each region (formerly legion), instruction centre, college or Republican Guard Regiment has its flag or standard, altogether 56 flags and 2 standards. By the time, these flags had the unit name on the pole pennants and were gold fringed. As an example, the 1st Infantry Regiment, founded in 1479 during the reign of Louis XI, has fought a number of battles since the 15th century, but its battle honours are only recorded from 1792 onwards: The following official documents relate to the colours of the Land Army (armée de Terre) : Regimental colours are 90 cm × 90 cm Tricolore silk square flags – standards are smaller: 64 cm × 64 cm – surrounded by a golden fringe. With the increased dispersion of troops required in the light cavalry role, their operational function had ceased by the 1830s and they were discontinued. Given its Commonwealth heritage as a former British possession, the Indian Armed Forces sports colours which are equivalent to those used in the British military. Accordingly, battles fought and won by the Royal Army and Navy before the French Revolution (such as Patay, Fontenoy, Chesapeake, Porto Praya and so on) do not appear as battle honours on regimental colours. [14] The flag is a variation of the Dannebrog, with a curvilinear white Dannebrog cross, called the Mantova cross, set with its centre about one-half the width of the hoist from the hoist edge. This is the same as the national flag, but with an embroidered star and with the unit designation, honorific title, founding date and place, and, depending on the unit, other historic information and honours embroidered diagonally across the fly in gold. Romanian colours: French influence through prestige. Guidons of a very simple design were introduced in the 19th century, as the tactical field signs of the foot units that didn't carry colours, namely the second battalions of the infantry regiments and the independent caçadores (light infantry) battalions. These colours are similar to the Flag of Thailand and therefore are treated like the State Colours of the Commonwealth, but are not lowered to the ground but above it to the tune of Sansoen Phra Barami (the Royal Anthem) when salutes are rendered by these Colours to the Thai Royal Family (most especially the King and Queen) in all military events that they attend. In some Guards Armies and Corps, different designs on the obverse and reverse were used. Proper respect should be given to the colors at all times during the ceremony. A regimental flag subsequently turned up at the Custer Battlefield National Monument in Crow Agency, Montana, but it has never been verified that this was the flag at Little Big Horn. They are only brought out during state visits to the republic and on major holidays. A traditional Colour belongs to a battalion or a regiment that has formerly been separate but is now part of a brigade. The edges of the flagship are surrounded by 11–11, and 9–9, 10 cm, red and green flames on the longer sides, extending 15 centimetres. The pattern has been in use since the 1830s, with no changes between the periods of monarchy or republic. In the angles of the star are the names and dates of battle honours surrounded by laurel wreaths, all in gold, while in an arc above the star is the designation of the unit, also in gold. Units which used the 1944 regimental colour design but adapted for the navy's guards units[23] included air and marine units which still had the obverse of Army and Air Force guards units standards. The flagpole has a 5 mmm national-colour silk ribbon on its 3 free edges that do not fit the rod, with 10–10 centimetres national colour silk ribs on two free tips. "Flag" is a general descriptive term for a cloth device with a distinguishing color or design, which has a special meaning or serves as a signal. The 120 cm × 140 cm Unit colour of the Hungarian Defence Force is the current regulation colour of all Hungarian Defence Forces units since 15 March 1991. The Colour (bandiera di guerra) for army units (other than cavalry) is a square version of the national tricolour in silk, 99 cm × 99 cm. On the reverse is the arms of the Kingdom of the Netherlands without the mantle. For the Republic of China Marine Corps, its unit battle colours, since 1960, mirrors that of the USMC but since the 1980s the unit name is on the white stripe near the hoist (just as the rest of the armed forces, formerly it was on a scroll similar to the USMC's). 1797 regulations introduced new designs for the infantry—for regular units, the state colour being white with the state emblem and the company, battalion and/or regimental colours using the assigned colours of their units, for the Imperial Guard a different emblem was used, and the design was identical. 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