The Kenyon Review is supported in part by The National Endowment for the Arts and the Ohio Arts Council. Heidegger might even say that he got the idea from Ancient Greek … In all the accusations of nihilism and meaninglessness, it’s easy to overlook the fact that Deconstruction is about opening up new possibilities of thought. Your email address will not be published. When Derrida was awarded an honorary doctorate at Cambridge in 1992, there were howls of protest from many ‘analytic’ philosophers. His use requires the spelling of différance. The ongoing process of questioning is an end in itself. Zentral ist dabei der von Derrida geprägte Begriff der différance, die „aufgeschobene-verzögerte-abweichende-aufschiebende-sich unterscheidende Kraft oder Gewalt [force différée-différante]“ (Derrida, 1991, S. 15), die zu einem anderen Textverständnis führt. It is concerned with opening these structures and revealing the way in which our understanding of foundational concepts is constructed. The way in which this term—the logos—is made known is language, the translation into words of a concept or a way of thinking. “toast can only be buttered on the top,” “it is better to butter toast on the top,” or “it is not toast if it is not buttered on top”). He was expelled from one school because there was a 7% limit on the Jewish population, and he later withdrew from another school on account of the anti-Semitism. It simultaneously embodies the desired meaning as intended by the author, and the constraints placed on that meaning through the act of interpretation of the text. The term becomes the core around which meaning is constructed, the reference point that determines all subsequent knowledge. Along with Michel Foucault (1926–84), Jean-François Lyotard (1924–98) and others, he is often associated with what came to be known as ‘post-structuralism’ or ‘French Theory’. Some have tried to write simplified versions of this theory, such as Deconstruction for Beginners and Deconstructions: A User's Guide, but their attempts have moved away from the original. Ultimately, Derrida’s aim then is to undermine an independent thinking of the reader. Derrida is clear, however, that although deconstruction is not primarily concerned with advocacy or activism, nor is it nihilistic or anarchic. 51 Jacques Derrida and Deconstruction paul rekret Jacques Derrida (1930–2004) was a philosopher known for the concept of ‘deconstruction’, often conceived as a method of reading texts. Starting from a Heideggerian point of view, Derrida argues that metaphysics affects the whole of philosophy from Plato onward. However, while the idea of exclusion suggests the absence of any presence of that which is excluded, in fact that which is instituted depends for its existence on what has been excluded. Derrida begins this essay by noting the slightly altered spelling of the word "difference." The logos represents nature, which is something different from the instituted form embodied in language or in text. Derrida’s was a lecture that he delivered at the John Hopkins University in 1966 (21 October). It is not done with a particular aim. 24. Since then, Derrida has also had many dialogues with philosophers like John Searle (see Limited Inc.), in which deconstruction has been roundly criticized, although perhaps unfairly at times. In the end, I enjoy this way of thinking because I, for one, prefer creativity to the tyranny of top-buttered toast. So rather than law being a direct embodiment of justice, how we understand both justice and law is determined by the interplay between the two. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Rather than seeking an endpoint or a solid conclusion, the means cannot be distinguished from the end. Over his long career he was concerned with the humanities' fate, status, place, and contribution. Your email address will not be published. The concept was first outlined by Derrida in Of Grammatology where he explored the interplay between language and the construction of meaning. 27. Dekonstruktivisten bemühen sich um den Nachweis, dass und vor allem: wie ein Text seine Bedeutung selbst hinterfragt, durchkreuzt und gerade mit solchen Paradoxien Sin… In Positions Derrida explains how the first task of deconstruction is to overturn the hierarchy. This is a rejection of the rigid separation that makes the quest for certainty possible — of the very idea that justice exists as a prior objective standard to be discovered. Ein Interview über differénce, différance und Dekonstruktion Klappentext: Jacques Derrida, Sie sind der Begründer und Hauptvertreter der Dekonstruktion, einer philosophischen Strömung, die grundsätzlich davon ausgeht, dass die Thematisierung bestimmter Theorien, Sachverhalte, Darstellungen usw. or transmuted into: a book of such words: words set to. While Derrida would resist any reductive understanding of his work based upon his biographical life, it could be argued that these kinds of experiences played a large role in his insistence upon the importance of the marginal, and the other, in his later thought. Video by. 3. Deconstruction is an approach to understanding the relationship between text and meaning. When seen in these terms, it is not a method but simply a way of reading, writing, thinking and acting. It emphasizes the dominance of one particular way of thinking over others, and belies the idea of fixed meaning, overturning, and therefore exposing, the existence of the binary and destabilizing previously fixed categories of understanding. It takes place everywhere. In the course “Derrida’s Library: Deconstruction and the Book,” taught by Assistant Professor of French and Italian Katie Chenoweth, students learned about the philosopher Jacques Derrida through his working library, which now resides at Princeton. Deconstruction by its very nature defies institutionalization in an authoritative definition. différence Unterschied, absichtlich falsch mit 'a' geschrieben, was die Aussprache aber nicht beeinflusst) ist eine Wortschöpfung des französischen Philosophen Jacques Derrida (19302004) und ein zentraler Begriff in der von ihm entwickelten philosophischen Idee der Dekonstruktion. original form or any form they have been transmitted in. It is about negotiating the impossible and the undecidable and, in so doing, remaining open to the possibility of justice. Speaking at the Villanova Roundtable, Derrida described this as searching for the tensions, the contradictions, and the heterogeneity within the corpus. The latter term has an a for the seventh letter and a diacritical mark above the fifth letter. déconstruction Zerlegung, Abbau; ein Portmanteauwort aus Destruktion und Konstruktion) bezeichnet eine Reihe von Strömungen in Philosophie, Philologie und Werkinterpretation seit den 1960er-Jahren. This second stage is where the indeterminate element of deconstruction becomes visible. He distances himself from the various philosophical movements and traditions that preceded him on the French intellectual scene (phenomenology, existentialism, and structuralism), and developed a strategy called “deconstruction” in the mid-1960s. Deconstruction is an approach to understanding the relationship between text and meaning.It was originated by the philosopher Jacques Derrida (1930–2004), who defined the term variously throughout his career. His essay entitled Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences is the origin which started the debate which formed itself into a theory later known widely as Deconstruction. In the interest of furthering the dialogue, I add my most basic view on the topic to the fray. DERRIDA AND DECONSTRUCTION Isolating Derrida from deconstruction—or even the other way around—is simply futile as one cannot go without the other. It arises from the constant process of negotiation between competing concepts. It is imperative to note that at the heart of Derrida’s deconstruction is the attempt to undermine the oppositional inclinations that have transpired within the philosophical … The philosophical aspect concerns the main target of deconstruction: the “metaphysics of presence,” or simply metaphysics. In this regard, meaning is defined equally by what is included in the institution and what is not. Rather it is an ongoing process of interrogation concerned with the structure of meaning itself. Derrida died in 2004. Jacques Derrida (1930-2004) was one of the most well-known twentieth century philosophers. Mr. Derrida's name is most closely associated with the often cited but rarely understood term "deconstruction." Deconstruction is therefore an affirmative force that opens up possibilities that have been suppressed by virtue of the dominance of one particular way of conceptualizing justice. Derrida and Deconstruction Simplified. … Caroline Hagood. It consists of dismantling not institutions themselves, but rather ‘structures within institutions that have become too rigid or are dogmatic or which work as an obstacle to future research’. Finally, deconstruction is not an act or an operation. It does not seek to prove an objective truth or to support any one claim to justice over another. Derrida wrote "Structure, Sign, and Play" to present at a conference titled "The Language of Criticism and the Sciences of Man" held at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore from 18–21 October 1966. I like to think of Derrida’s deconstructive efforts as a questioning of underlying assumptions that reveals how something is constructed in order to reimagine it outside the limits of that construction. The literary aspect concerns the textual interpretation, where invention is essential to finding hidden alternative meanings in the text. The consequence of this is that its value is not linked to any subsequent reconstruction. 1. 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