The large amounts of water leach out accumulated salts, toxins and carry oxygen to the roots. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. The Rhapis palm plant has a glossy green frond that is quite tough. The delicate lady palm forms dense clumps of bamboo-like stalks topped with very dark green, broad, fan-shaped leaves. The type is a mixed collection and thus lectotypification is necessary. Hastings, L.2003. Photo by Daderot. Rhapis excelsa is the only palm species that has dozens of named cultivars, both variegated and not, and these are prized plants for pot culture all around the world, most notably in Japan. Flowers densely packed on the rachillae. And it is one of the most ideal potted palms in cultivation. Plants held indoors benefit by being taken outside when it is raining or being placed under a sprinkler for a period of time. Organs are branched to two orders, emerging within the leaf crown; the small, white fruit develop from one or rarely two or three carpels. Rhapis excelsa. Indoor plants are best sited in bright indirect light near a window. Rhapis excelsa may be of Chinese and Japanese origin, as suggested by the herbarium specimens, or from China introduced to Japan and from there to the West. This plant can be found at nearly every garden outlet center as well as most of the larger nurseries throughout the U.S., and perhaps around the world. Grown in shadier conditions, these palms can get up to 8 feet tall or more, but tend to stay under 5 feet in full sun. The only major pests are scale and mealybug. Botanical specimen on the grounds of the Villa Taranto (Verbania), Lake Maggiore, Italy. (Geoff Stein). A short description is given for the name Rhapis flabelliformis L’Hérit ex Aiton in Aiton, Hort. Indoor plants are best sited in bright indirect light near a … Moisture: Adaptable to most soils. Cold tolerance is 18 F to 20 F, but much colder freezes will often only kill the above ground parts, and the plants will grow back in the spring, as long as the soil doesn't freeze as well. Lady Palms adapt to a wide range of climates, soils, and environments. comm.). While individual differences in the vegetative characters are difficult to pinpoint between R. excelsa and R. humilis, when all the vegetative characters are taken as a whole the leaves can be distinguished easily. Foundations. Best with regular and consistent moisture, particularly in summer, but with reduced water applications in winter. Its ability to handle low light intensities, low humidity, varying temperatures plus its suitability to pot culture, small to moderate size and slow growth rate make this palm ideal for indoor culture. Picture of Rhapis Excelsa palm plant taken at the Waimea Valley Botanic Garden on Oahu, Hawaii. Where winter hardy, plants form excellent screens and hedges. But plants, if taken care of properly, can survive several generations and be passed down in wills along with other family treasures. one of the many 'Bamboo Palms' of the genus Chamaedorea; Guihaia argyrata, or 'Dwarf Bamboo Palm'; Rhapis excelsa growing right above a Guihaia in my garden showing how they look similar. Being a prolific producer of rhizomes adds a fullness to the plant, although growth rate mainly depends on the environment and culture. ; Carter 1988). Lush green foliage that tolerates most sun exposure for slow growth. The better the quality of water applied the better your plants will grow in the long run, particularly plants grown in containers. Two specimens [Malay Peninsula, plant house in a tub s.n. Harley & C.E. Hardiness: Rhapis excelsa grow well in tropical and subtropical climates, however it tolerates temperatures as low as -5° C and it is quite cold hardy, particularly when grown under shelter, and it also grows in climates where it may be exposed to prolonged periods of cold weather. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). 2008. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Slow-growing and ridiculously easy to grow, Rhapis excelsa is popular as a houseplant, lending a rich tropical look to the home. Lady Palm, Miniature Fan Palm, Parlor palm. (6) stem with sheaths 1.5-2.1 cm diameter (to 2.5 m tall), (7) stem without sheaths 0.8-1.2 cm diameter. This product cannot be shipped to CA. 1789. It can tolerate full sun, but is happier and greener with some shade. As the plants age, the sheaths fall, revealing the bamboo-like trunks. Photo by Eric in SF. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2) blades not split to the base. see more; Synonyms Chamaerops excelsa. These tolerate a variety of soils and grow fine for me in my heavy southern California clay soils. One of the reasons for this palm's popularity is its ease of culture. Inflorescence, male and female similar in general appearance, branching to 2 or 3 orders; prophyll tubular, overlapping the base of the first rachis bract, relatively thin in texture, reddish brown, sometimes darker at the base, inner surface smooth, outer surface with tomentum often only at the distal end; rachis bracts 2 (–3), sometimes with a distal incomplete rachis bract, similar in appearance to prophyll; rachis overall length to 260 mm, 4–8 mm in diam., rachillae 7.5–110 mm long, 0.8–1.9 mm in diam., usually glabrous, pale brown, sometimes with small patches of caducous tomentum. Propagation: Propagate from seed or division of clumps. Tolerates some poor light and close to full shade. 2) Planting month for zone 8: year round Planting month for zone 9: year round Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round Origin: not native to North America They were first collected by the Japanese for Tokugawa shogunate palaces, then popularity … Hastings 2003 6 Henderson 2009. (3) jagged apices of leaflets. RHAPIS excelsa. Lady Palm. These leaves are deeply divided towards the tips with wide ribbed leaflets that are openly spaced with the … Light: Grow in shade to part shade for best leaf color. Lady Palm can withstand temperatures down to 18ºF (-7ºC). Palms 47(2) 62-78. (L. Hastings. For safe cultivation normal temperatures should not go below 5°. Repotting. The Solander boxes at BM contain the detailed descriptions of all the species described in Aiton (W. T. Stearn pers. When the Rhapis excelsa tends toward white leaves, the effect is a golden color, called “golden chlorophyll”., Southeast Asia Program by Dr. Andrew J. Henderson,,, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). This page was last modified 09:26, 17 February 2017 by. 2003)/Palmweb. It is an easy plant to propagate both by division and seed production. A native plant in warm forests of Southeast China, the lady palm is called a fan palm because it has thin, individual stalks ... Light and Moisture. Rhapis humilis also is quite fussy about the quality of water with hard water quickly causing leaf tip browning. Etymology: The genus name is from the Greek word 'rhapis' meaning "needle or rod". Some of these cultivars, most dwarf in size, can cost a huge amount of money. Low light and humidity requirements make this an excellent container plant for homes, offices and shopping malls. The Rhapis excelsa does well in relatively humid conditions. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Leaf spot can be troublesome. It prefers shady, moist protected areas. Tolerates some poor light and close to full shade. Photo by Dr. Andrew J. Henderson. "This color variation is refered to as the Lime Lady Palm." Kew 1(3): 473. (Rhapis excelsa) Please call us at 1-866-586-6283 for availability information. Male flowers globose when young, elongating when mature to 5.2 × 3.8 mm; calyx to 2.8 mm, lobes to 2 mm, usually with a regular margin; corolla sometimes narrowed into a short receptacular-stalk to 1 mm; filaments, shorter row to 2.2 mm, longer row to 2.5 mm, broad, to 0.4 mm, with adaxial keel, triangular in cross section; pistillode sometimes present. (Palms & Cycads), "The most commonly grown species of Rhapis in cultivation is easily Rhapis excelsa, or the Lady Palm. Stems are heavily clothed in dark brown fibers and are about one-half inch in thickness. They lend a rich tropical look to the landscape. Lady Palms adapt to a wide range of climates, soils, and environments. Too intense of light will burn the leaves. 1929 (K) and Kew, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew s.n. In summer, small panicles of tiny yellow flowers are borne among the leaves. Plant Common Name. Root rots can be avoided through proper cultural practices such as choosing healthy plants in the first place and watering only when necessary. These variegated types should be grown in cooler temperatures and average lighting. Leaves: Evergreen: Fruit: Other: inconspicuous, 1 to 3 inch fleshy oval, white fruit. The nomenclatural and taxonomic history of R. excelsa is inextricably linked with that of R. humilis and so these aspects of the two species are discussed together here. Brown leaftips are often caused by an excessive accumulation of fertiliser salts in the potting mix. But if, despite great care, root rot symptoms do develop, such as wilting, excessive browning of leaf tips and loss of vigour, firstly remove the plant from the soil it is in, wash roots bare of soil, inspect roots for fungus problems, remove black roots or reddish brown roots and replant into a raised bed of well drained soils. Leaf-ends are saw-toothed unlike most other palms, occurring on slender petioles ranging from 20 to 60 cm in length. Characteristics. Rhapis excelsais also grown as a house plant. Rhapis excelsa, commonly known as lady palm or bamboo palm, is an evergreen fan palm that forms a dense clump of slender, upright, bamboo-like canes clad with palmate, deep green foliage consisting of deeply divided, fan-shaped leaves each of which divide into 5-8 finger-like, narrow-lanceolate segments. nov., 2. As an indoor plant Rhapis excelsa has no palm rival. Lady palms can be effective accents in a shrub border or near an entryway. comm. Makawao, Maui, Hawaii. Solander’s description of R. flabelliformis (Pages 317–321, Solander boxes BM) was located and when translated from the Latin indicates that the specimen on which R. flabelliformis was based was collected from a plant growing in Dr. James Gordon’s garden at Mile End, London, in 1776. Three fruiting branches on a female Rhapis excelsa I noticed in Ybor City - Tampa, Fl. This usually dioecious palm species produces a small inflorescence at the top of the plant with spirally-arranged, fleshy flowers containing three petals fused at the base. Copyright Karl Gercens. Locate them in a low-growing ground cover such as mondo grass or lily turf for a dramatic effect. Plant on three- to four-foot centers to create a mass effect. Rhapis excelsa NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Rhapis excelsa (commonly known as Lady Palm) belongs to the Palmae family, and can be planted year round in USDA hardiness zones 8B through 11. Keep it at temperatures exceeding 70 Fahrenheit in summer, but you should be careful to keep it below 55 Fahrenheit during winter. Image of a Rhapis Excelsa palm plant. The Lady Palm Tree, scientific name Rhapis excelsa, is very popular indoor and outdoor palm because of its easy maintenance and cold hardiness which makes it a great choice for landscape in USDA zones 8b-11. Scale can be easily controlled by physical removal, wash off with high pressure jet of water, or scrape off with cotton wool buds, or by chemical control with White Oil, or a systemic insecticide such as Rogor or Metasystox. Scientific name: Rhapis excelsa Pronunciation: RAY-piss eck-SELL-suh Common name(s): Lady Palm Family: Palmae Plant type: palm USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. 10 Windmill Palm Tree Shrub Broadleaf Lady Rhapis Excelsa (KKZ) SeedsHouseplant $18.00. L’ Héritier did not finish Stirpes Novae due to misfortune during the French Revolution; he had planned to issue two volumes (Bucheim 1966). While repotting, it is essential to protect the roots ball. Provide good drainage so that water does not build up and stay around the roots of your plants. Leaf sheath loosely sheathing the stem, usually with outer and inner fibers of similar thickness, producing a squared mesh, some young sheaths with flatter, coarser outer fibers and tomentum, ligule not remaining intact at maturity; petiole to 4 mm wide, margin often smooth, rarely minutely scabrid, often bearing brown papillae; blade with V-shaped or semi-circular outline, variable in size, often with a conspicuous palman, segments (1)4–13, folds 11–25, to 375 mm long, broad, relatively straightsided, narrowing slightly at base and apex, apices sometimes cucculate, usually truncate, with regular dentate secondary splitting, primary splits to within 2.5–61 mm of the blade base, sometimes with brown papillae at the base and along the ribs, sometimes scabrid along the adaxial ribs, thick in texture, adaxial and abaxial surfaces similar in colour, often with a yellow tinge, adaxial occasionally darker, transverse veinlets conspicuous. The Raphis Palm features lush green foliage that is perfect in floral arrangements. Clumps may eventually have hundreds of stems. In order to maintain nomenclatural stability for these two very widely grown horticultural plants, I have selected Thunberg sheet number 24386 (U) to represent the type of R. excelsa. Maintain adequate moisture for best appearance. In the BM copy of Hortus Kewensis “[ined]” has been added next to the R. flabelliformis reference, and it could be that the author in Aiton was basing his statement on unpublished material that was later not included (Judith Magee, librarian, pers. Lower temperatures will kill stems but plant may recover. Watch for aphids, nematodes and scale. Native to China. Inflorescence characters are more noticeably different. Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. At least two species are sufficiently cold hardy to grow in zone 9a, with some protection. Rhapis excelsa has no HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score. PlantVine Rhapis excelsa, Lady Palm - Large - 8-10 Inch Pot (3 Gallon), Live Indoor Plant $102.00. Some landscapers trim the bottom leaves anyway exposing the stems for a more elegant look. They may be related to Rhapidophyllum hystrix, but they are no where near as hardy as a … Rhapis is a suckering species, spreading via underground runners (rhizomes) several inches to feet in all directions, but is slow to do so. Cold hardiness down to 15 degrees F. Usda Hardiness zones: 8-12. Check info at Floridata . Family Arecaceae . Leaves however will lose their deep green colouring, will become yellowish green and on the hotter days will probably burn. 'variegata', Thailand. Sturdy canes are covered with coarse, dark brown fiber. If not contained, an individual palm can spread out over time covering many yards in all directions. Information on Lady Palm Plants. The small seeds sprout via remote tubular germination with a slender, undivided eophyll. (L. Hastings. Also called Lady Palm, the Rhapis Palm plant is a beautiful and hardy palm. With broad, dark green, fan-shaped foliage on tall stalks, lady palm plants (Rhapis excelsa) have an oriental appeal.As stand-alone plants, they have a formal elegance and when planted in masses they lend a touch of the tropics to the landscape. Rhapis excelsa is very adaptable to soil types although neutral to slightly acid soils with good drainage and organic matter is recommended for best results. For best results water only when the first few centimetres of soil or potting mix are dry and then water thoroughly so that there are no dry areas around the plant roots. Genus Rhapis are small evergreen palms forming clumps of slender stems bearing leaves divided into linear or oblong segments, with panicles of small yellow flowers among the leaves, followed by small ovoid fruits . (5) ligules not persistent. Native to China (hort origin) Rhapis excelsa is a multi-stemmed dioecious palm that grows to a maximum height of between 8 and 12 feet, each stem or cane is slender approximately one inch in diameter, depending on growing conditions and variety. (6) stem with … A graceful palm for gardens or a beautiful addition to an indoor space. If not watered sufficiently, the leaves start dying from the bottom up. Pasadena California. Rhapis excelsa has very few pests or diseases to trouble it. Rhapis excelsa, also known as broadleaf lady palm or bamboo palm, is a species of fan palm (Arecaceae subfamily Coryphoideae, tribe Trachycarpeae) in the genus Rhapis, probably native to southern China and Taiwan.It is not known in the wild; all known plants come from cultivated groups in China. To prevent the disease, buy only good quality plants and don't crowd plants too much so as to allow unimpeded air flow to reduce conditions ideal for the fungus. They were first collected by the Japanese for Tokugawa shogunate palaces, then Rhapis popularity spread to Europe, and later to America where its low light and humidity requirements make it a common feature in malls and offices. "Outdoors this is an excellent garden palm, and very easy to grow: just add water. The Lady Palm tree has dark green glossy leaves. Uses. 1856 (K)] have flowers that appear female but have well developed anthers and may be hermaphrodite. Sheet 24385 matches the widely accepted application of the name R. humilis, while 24386 matches R. excelsa. They are often called as fan palms or broadleaf lady palms because the leaves with bare petioles terminate in around fan of numerous leaflets. Thorough leaching will overcome this problem. It is considered cold hardy down to USDA zone 9A (see Rhapis leaves typically have less than 8 to 10 leaflets per leaf (compared to Rhapis humilis or multifida which usually have more than 10, or Rhapis laoensis which usually only has 2 or 3.)