Chewing gum contains a sugar alcohol called xylitol. This means that certain diagnostic tests are especially important in dogs of one age group while other tests are going to be more important for dogs in another age group. Phenobarbital is removed from the body by the liver so good liver function is essential for phenobarbital use and phenobarbital can alter the metabolism of numerous other medications. Liver failure may occur in severe cases of toxicity due to the dog's low blood sugar. About 5% of dogs and 1% of cats will seizure at least once in their lifetime. Seizures 3. As an owner it is upsetting to witness your pet have a seizure, but any signs you observe may help the vet decide on future treatment. In initial studies the injectable product was delivered rectally with a special syringe that could be kept at home. Phenobarbital is a medication that cannot be suddenly discontinued; if you are interested in discontinuing seizure medication, be sure to discuss this thoroughly with your veterinarian. According to VCA Hospitals, it is extremely toxic to dogs. In 2017, Purina released a veterinary diet designed to supplement anti-seizure medications. It is important not to put yourself in danger around a seizing pet. Schnauzers, Basset hounds, Collies, and Cocker spaniels have 2-3 times as much epilepsy as other breeds. The first sign in infected dogstypically is a watery or whitish/greenish eye discharge. Cover with a blanket to reduce the light, and turn down sources of sound. In 2016, there were more than 250 cases of xylitol poisoning in the UK reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service – and most of these were down to dogs getting their paws on chewing gum. but even after the surgery she would still do the weird thing with her mouth. Often medication is started in these individuals after the first seizure. Coughing 4. You won’t be able to miss it when your dog is having a generalised seizure. Seizures for which no clear cause can be found are called Primary Seizures and the patient is said to have Epilepsy. Recommendations for seizures are a little different. We told him to stop (cuz he soaks the pillows) and he didnt so i started checking him out. Additional initial signs include: 1. Last friday he did the same drunken walk but layed down and was i think having a seizure his gums were pale white i put him in a cold shower and he would snap out of it and eat ice cubes. There are no monitoring tests recommended for its use and an extended release formula allows for twice daily use. Seizures are classified into several categories. Particularly important in small dome-headed breeds (Pomeranian, chihuahua etc.) She is being treated for distemper. Aa. For more information on potassium bromide, click here. Common Ingredients of Gum After looking at several different brands of chewing gum, we found that these were the most common ingredients: • Sorbitol • Gum base • Maltitol • Mannitol • Xylitol Look for treats and toys that aren't hard, like: rubber balls, thin rawhide strips that bend, as well as rubbery toys in which you can hide treats. (Sulfa side effects are reviewed more completely in our pharmacy library under the sulfa antibiotics such as trimethoprim sulfa). when the brain itself is normal) are called Reactive Seizures. The dog will also lose consciousness and may urinate or defecate. It is not meant to replace medications by any means, just give them a nutritional boost. Seizures resulting from metabolic problems or toxicity (i.e. Fainting animals are usually up and normal within seconds of the spell. A. The long answer is, well, it depends. Nasal discharge 3. The patient is likely to be unusually hungry and thirsty on phenobarbital. This drug is a sulfa class anti-seizure medication that is rapidly becoming a first line treatment choice but might also be used to supplement more traditional therapies. Canine Epilepsy, What is a dog Seizure or canine epileptic fit?Any involuntary or uncontrolled muscular contractions in dogs may represent a seizure. 3850 Grand View Blvd. Here are some basic concepts concerning how age is an important consideration: ANIMALS LESS THAN AGE SIX MONTHSSeizures are usually caused by infections of the brain. If the seizures or their post-ictal disorientation periods are particularly severe. The phenobarbital dose must maintain the phenobarbital blood level within a safe therapeutic range and be adjusted accordingly. Partial seizures or petit mal seizures can vary in intensity from just staring off into space, fly-biting(where the dogs snap at things that are not there) and the bubble gum activity where the dog basically "chews" at the air. Approximately 20-30% of dogs on phenobarbital will require a second anti seizure medication to achieve acceptable seizure control. It comes from plants and trees, so you might think it’d be safe. A focal seizure is characterized by involuntary activity in a specific part of the dog’s body. All rights reserved. Zonisamide can be used twice a day in dogs but lasts long enough in the cat to possibly be used once daily. Xylitol is an ingredient used as an artificial sweetener in sugar-free gum. For dogs, the most common infectious diseases would be canine distemper or a parasitic infection such as with Toxoplasma or Neospora. There is some expense associated with such testing. ANIMALS BETWEEN AGES 6 MONTHS AND 6 YEARSThe most common reason for a dog, particularly a purebred dog, to begin having seizures in this age range is Genetic Epilepsy (also called Primary Epilepsy.) Syncopal dogs typically will not have chewing-gum motions of the jaw or increased salivation. Most such tumors are operable if found early. Giving your dog chewing gum is never a good idea. Sometimes, the dog’s consciousness becomes impaired. When dogs with seizures are started on potassium bromide, 52% of them can be expected to become seizure free. Chewing Gum Fit video courtesy of Elizabeth Montgomery. When your dog has a canine seizure, the signs are distinctive. Canine seizures are usually not painful to your dog, but if they continue for longer than two minutes they could put his health at risk. Again, any seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes or if they are occurring in a cluster it is important to take your pet into see a … What can I do to - Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian Causes of … A syncopal dog may move his legs, but these movements are typically associated with the dog trying to get back up off the ground. If the dog has a visible structural lesion on a CT, MRI or even a radiograph. If the dog has a history of brain injury or trauma. This is a support and news group for owners of seizuring dogs. Do not put your hand into your dog's mouth while he is experiencing a canine seizure, as his jaws could suddenly snap closed. Many dogs fully recover from post-seizure side effects within minutes. The downsides are phenobarbital use stem from its side effects potential. She kept moving her mouth in a motion as if she were chewing gum..a couple days later we took her to the vet because she wouldn't move and she was diagnosed with pyometra. Some dogs may drool, run in circles, pace, or become aggressive while in the grip of a canine seizure. Watching your dog experience a seizure is both frightening and disturbing, especially if it is unexpected. Agitated behavior 4. It turns out that dogs of certain age groups tend to have common causes for their seizures. Involuntary jaw motion may bite you and in the period of post ictal disorientation the pet may not recognize you and may snap. German Shepherd(photocredit: MorgueFile.com), Border Collie(photocredit: MorgueFile.com), Australian Shepherd(photocredit: MorgueFile.com), Golden Retriever(photocredit: MorgueFile.com), Irish Setter(photocredit: MorgueFile.com). It turns out that while phenobarbital may be a superior seizure drug for people, potassium bromide may be superior for dogs. It appears to work best in combination with other seizure medications rather than as a sole therapy but many dogs are able to use it as a single agent. Consciousness may or may not be impaired. FOCAL SEIZURES (ALSO CALLED PARTIAL MOTOR SEIZURES)Focal seizures involve involuntary activity in only one body part. Your vet can offer you guidelines based on your dog’s specific condition.. Affiliated with the Veterinary School at the University of Missouri at Columbia, this site reviews canine seizure disorders, treatment, history and more. The diet employs medium-chain fatty acids as a fat source (fats come in short, medium, and long-chain types which relate to the length of their chain of their carbon chain) and it turns out that MCT's have a direct anti-seizure effect. Lethargy (tiredness) 5. If your pet is diagnosed with epilepsy, it is important to keep a seizure log to track the time of the seizure as well as the duration. Treatment to suppress seizures may also be needed using one of the medications discussed below. Ancient canines didn't have to worry about being poisoned by little sticks of tastiness, however, they no doubt had bigger concerns to contend with. A CT scan or MRI would be the next step. Some dogs may drool, run in circles, pace, or become aggressive while in the grip of a canine seizure. He may even lose control of his bowels and bladder. A Keynsham family’s dog nearly died after munching his way through a tub of chewing gum. The electrical activity starts in one area (called the "seizure focus") and spreads outwards through the brain causing involuntary movements and loss of normal consciousness. Epilepsy in Dogs and Cats. They include: If your dog begins to seizure, make sure that he is safe while convulsing; put him on the ground or floor. Dogs with petit mal seizures chew imaginary gum, snap at imaginary flies, gaze up at imaginary stars, chase their tails, or suck their flanks. For more information, visit. Diarrhea In later stages, the disease affects the brain and nerves, and dogs may show the following signs: 1. How to Spot Dog Seizure Symptoms. After eating the gum on Jan. 22, Ryker was having difficulty walking or standing. A. Paralysis The disease will var… Labrador retrievers and Golden retrievers are also predisposed to epilepsy but tend to begin their seizures relatively late, closer to age five. www.canine-epilepsy.net/basics/basics_main.html. Reduced appetite 6. These episodes will last <5 minutes and the dog will then be perfectly normal. The rectal route avoids any danger of being bitten while trying to administer medication. Diazepam can also be given nasally but there is a greater chance of being bitten. This drug is popular for refractory epilepsy in dogs because it has been shown to be fairly reliable and has minimal side effects potential. They seek DNA samples from epileptic dogs and their close relatives if possible. Commercial gum products contain roughly the same list of toxic ingredients, with differing labeling, which is virtually always designed to mislead. Most commonly, dog seizures are caused by seizure disorders, like idiopathic epilepsy, which is typically inherited, but the cause is usually unknown. Dogs should be completely seizure-free for at least a year before contemplating stopping treatment. PSYCHOMOTOR SEIZURES (ALSO CALLED COMPLEX PARTIAL SEIZURES) Psychomotor seizures are focal seizures where the seizure is more like an episode of abnormal behavior than an actual convulsion. The dog may have a chewing gum fit. Approximately 80% of dogs on phenobarbital will experience a >50% decrease in seizure frequency. While chewing gum’s sweetness was traditionally given by sugar, today, finding a chewing gum that is sweetened with sugar can be something of a challenge-the perceived dental benefits of gum and people’s reluctance to consume empty calories simply to freshen the breath mean that today, artificial sweeteners are far more common in gum than actual natural sugar. they were... (34701 views) Cat struggling to breathe. Vomiting 7. If your dog is experiencing seizures you should take them to the vet immediately. He may lose consciousness, and he may hallucinate. You are presumably reading this because your dog has had some kind of involuntary fit and you want to understand what it means and what can be done to prevent future episodes so let's cover some basics. As scary as seizures are to witness, it's important to understand that the seizure itself is not very dangerous for dogs unless one lasts for more than about five minutes or they occur in clusters. The ideal first line anti-convulsant medication is effective, reasonably priced, convenient to administer, and has limited side effects potential. A classic example would be the "chewing gum" fit that frequently is seen in canine distemper infections but can be seen in other seizure disorders as well. If you find that your pet has consumed some of it, you should know the risks of what could happen and know whether a trip to the vet or a call to poison control is in order. The seizure is also typically followed by a post-ictal period during which the animal appears disoriented, even blind. 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