It is also called white bear or northern bear. [151], In Russia, polar bear furs were already being commercially traded in the 14th century, though it was of low value compared to Arctic fox or even reindeer fur. [citation needed] Environment Canada also banned the export from Canada of fur, claws, skulls and other products from polar bears harvested in Baffin Bay as of 1 January 2010. Polar bears have been observed to hunt the small Svalbard reindeer (R. t. platyrhynchus), which weigh only 40 to 60 kg (90 to 130 lb) as adults, as well as the barren-ground caribou (R. t. groenlandicus), which is about twice as heavy as the former. [97] Large males also occasionally attempt to hunt and kill even larger prey items. Although it is the sister species of the brown bear,[8] it has evolved to occupy a narrower ecological niche, with many body characteristics adapted for cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice and open water, and for hunting seals, which make up most of its diet. The polar bear ( Ursus maritimus) is a large bear which lives in the Arctic. In this story, our protagonist who is a hardworking artisan gets rewarded with a magical pot that could cook anything he wanted. U.m. [1], The polar bear is found in the Arctic Circle and adjacent land masses as far south as Newfoundland. When walking, the polar bear tends to have a lumbering gait and maintains an average speed of around 5.6 km/h (3.5 mph). [21] The oldest known polar bear fossil is a 130,000 to 110,000-year-old jaw bone, found on Prince Charles Foreland in 2004. [205], Debate over the listing of the polar bear under endangered species legislation has put conservation groups and Canada's Inuit at opposing positions;[43] the Nunavut government and many northern residents have condemned the U.S. initiative to list the polar bear under the Endangered Species Act. Polar bears rarely live beyond 25 years. Big bear that is native to the northern polar region. In Kannada [43][211], For the indigenous peoples of the Arctic, polar bears have long played an important cultural and material role. pp. It is one of the scheduled languages of India and the official and administrative language of the state of Karnataka. “Polar Bear Club” allows intermediate students (grades 4, 5, and 6) to go outside during recess time when the temperature falls below -27° Celsius. [149] The growth of the human population in the Eurasian Arctic in the 16th and 17th century, together with the advent of firearms and increasing trade, dramatically increased the harvest of polar bears. Chicago (6-7) sacked Watson seven times, including a safety by Khalil Mack, to tie a career high for the Texans quarterback. [63] The guard hair is 5–15 cm (2–6 in) over most of the body. [117], Courtship and mating take place on the sea ice in April and May, when polar bears congregate in the best seal hunting areas. The polar bear kills the seal by biting its head to crush its skull. [11] For thousands of years, the polar bear has been a key figure in the material, spiritual, and cultural life of circumpolar peoples, and polar bears remain important in their cultures. It even found a mention in Ptolemy’s Geography in the 2nd century CE. [202][203] Some estimates of the global population are around 5,000 to 10,000 in the early 1970s;[204] other estimates were 20,000 to 40,000 during the 1980s. [135] Several animal species, particularly Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus), routinely scavenge polar bear kills. [158] The treaty was ratified in October 2007. [81] Polar bears are usually quiet but do communicate with various sounds and vocalizations. Canada began imposing hunting quotas in 1968. [131] Polar bears are especially susceptible to Trichinella, a parasitic roundworm they contract through cannibalism,[132] although infections are usually not fatal. Noni fruit with its scientific name Morinda citrifolia is the fruit that belongs to the family of coffee plants. Risks to the polar bear include climate change, pollution in the form of toxic contaminants, conflicts with shipping, oil and gas exploration and development, and human-bear interactions including harvesting and possible stresses from recreational polar-bear watching. Here's what we discovered—and what's next. [156] The treaty allows hunting "by local people using traditional methods". [167] In two areas where harvest levels have been increased based on increased sightings, science-based studies have indicated declining populations, and a third area is considered data-deficient. When kept in captivity in warm, humid conditions, the fur may turn a pale shade of green due to algae growing inside the guard hairs. Ursus polaris Under those restrictions, permits from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service were required to import sport-hunted polar bear trophies taken in hunting expeditions in Canada. They can occasionally drift widely with the sea ice, and there have been anecdotal sightings as far south as Berlevåg on the Norwegian mainland and the Kuril Islands in the Sea of Okhotsk. [118] During this time, cubs playfully imitate the mother's hunting methods in preparation for later life. According to Hoshino, the bear started running but Hoshino made it to his truck. Researchers do not know whether or not this is a new behaviour; before polar ice shrinkage, they opined that there was probably neither the need nor opportunity to swim such long distances. Kannada is also spoken as a second and third language by over 12.9 million non-Kannada speakers in Karnataka, which adds up to 56.9 million speakers. Disturbance of these sensitive sites may trigger the mother to abandon her den prematurely, or abandon her litter altogether. [172] Other provisions included year-round protection of cubs and mothers, restrictions on weapons used and various administrative requirements to catalogue kills. [163], More than 600 bears are killed per year by humans across Canada,[45] a rate calculated by scientists to be unsustainable for some areas, notably Baffin Bay. This behaviour, if it happens, is rare – although the story exists in the oral history of northern peoples and in accounts by early Arctic explorers, there is no record of an eyewitness account of the behaviour in recent decades. For example, The Polar Bear Son is adapted from a traditional Inuit tale. Ten of the sows had a cub swim with them and after a year, six cubs survived. Ursus eogroenlandicus For other uses, see, "Ice Bear" redirects here. Seals migrate in response to these changes, and polar bears must follow their prey. [85], The polar bear is the most carnivorous member of the bear family, and throughout most of its range, its diet primarily consists of ringed (Pusa hispida) and bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus). [90], The polar bear's most common hunting method is called still-hunting:[91] the bear uses its excellent sense of smell to locate a seal breathing hole, and crouches nearby in silence for a seal to appear. [60] The pads of the paws are covered with small, soft papillae (dermal bumps), which provide traction on the ice. [118] A male may follow the tracks of a breeding female for 100 km (60 mi) or more, and after finding her engage in intense fighting with other males over mating rights, fights that often result in scars and broken teeth. [124], Female polar bears have been known to adopt other cubs. [73], Mature bears tend to eat only the calorie-rich skin and blubber of the seal, which are highly digestible,[92] whereas younger bears consume the protein-rich red meat. In Hudson Bay, James Bay, and some other areas, the ice melts completely each summer (an event often referred to as "ice-floe breakup"), forcing polar bears to go onto land and wait through the months until the next freeze-up. Polar bear. [182], The International Union for Conservation of Nature, Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, United States Geological Survey and many leading polar bear biologists have expressed grave concerns about the impact of climate change, including the belief that the current warming trend imperils the survival of the polar bear. Males usually reach sexual maturity at six years; however, as competition for females is fierce, many do not breed until the age of eight or ten. [192] This may cause an increased reliance on terrestrial diets, such as goose eggs, waterfowl and caribou,[193] as well as increased human–bear conflict. Due to the absence of human development in its remote habitat, it retains more of its original range than any other extant carnivore. Made in the UK.Subscribe to All Things Animal TV! PCBs have received the most study, and they have been associated with birth defects and immune system deficiency. The melting sea ice in the Arctic may be causing an increase of orcas in the Arctic sea, which may increase the risk of predation on polar bears but also may benefit the bears by providing more whale carcasses that they can scavenge. [61] Unlike the brown bear, polar bears in captivity are rarely overweight or particularly large, possibly as a reaction to the warm conditions of most zoos. "The influence of climate variability on polar bear (, "Diet composition of polar bears in Svalbard and the western Barents Sea",, "Interactions between polar bears and overwintering walruses in the Central Canadian High Arctic", "Polar bear metabolism cannot cope with ice loss", "Comments on 'Carnivorous walrus and some Arctic zoonoses, "Hudson Bay Post — Goodbye Churchil [sic] Dump", "What to eat now? [176], The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 afforded polar bears some protection in the United States. Presently Pattadakal is located in the district of Bagalkot, state of Karnataka, India.. Oklahoma Bears Black bears are established primarily in southeastern and east-central Oklahoma. It is the largest extant bear species, as well as the largest extant predatory carnivore. [173], The Soviet Union banned the harvest of polar bears in 1956; however, poaching continued, and is estimated to pose a serious threat to the polar bear population. [170] The Government of the Northwest Territories maintain their own quota of 72 to 103 bears within the Inuvialuit communities of which some are set aside for sports hunters. [39] Until 2005 Greenland placed no limit on hunting by indigenous people. Polar bears feature prominently in East (North Child in the UK) by Edith Pattou,[221] The Bear by Raymond Briggs (adapted into an animated short in 1998),[222] and Chris d'Lacey's The Fire Within series. They are strong and fast, and can run as fast as 25 miles (40 km) an hour for a short distance. [177] It banned all importing of polar bear trophies. Although stereotyped as being voraciously aggressive, they are normally cautious in confrontations, and often choose to escape rather than fight. Synonyms for bears include has, owns, possesses, boasts, has in keeping, holds, maintains, carries, controls and enjoys. [131] Bacterial leptospirosis and Morbillivirus have been recorded. (Living in or visiting Karnataka? 475–485 in Wild furbearer management and conservation in North America (M. Novak, J. [31] As predicted by Allen's rule for a northerly animal, the legs are stocky and the ears and tail are small. These alternatives may reduce the rate of weight loss of bears when on land. On 15 May 2008, the United States Department of the Interior listed the polar bear as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act, citing the melting of Arctic sea ice as the primary threat to the polar bear. [19] However, evidence of hybrids between polar bears and brown bears, and of the recent evolutionary divergence of the two species, does not support the establishment of this separate genus, and the accepted scientific name is now therefore Ursus maritimus, as Phipps originally proposed. If the seal does not notice, the bear creeps to within 9 to 12 m (30 to 40 ft) of the seal and then suddenly rushes forth to attack. The Inuit refer to the animal as nanook (transliterated as nanuq in the Inupiat language). Ursus marinus [37][39] The subpopulations display seasonal fidelity to particular areas, but DNA studies show that they are not reproductively isolated. In the den, she enters a dormant state similar to hibernation. Peacock, E., Derocher, A. E., Thiemann, G. W., & Stirling, I. [170], Because of the way polar bear hunting quotas are managed in Canada, attempts to discourage sport hunting would actually increase the number of bears killed in the short term. [154] The numbers taken grew rapidly in the 1960s, peaking around 1968 with a global total of 1,250 bears that year. [188], A new development is that polar bears have begun ranging to new territory. [36][183][184][185][186][187], The key danger posed by climate change is malnutrition or starvation due to habitat loss. [192], Polar bears accumulate high levels of persistent organic pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) and chlorinated pesticides. If the elevated mood is severe or associated with psychosis, it is called mania; if it is less severe, it is called hypomania. The shoulder height of an adult polar bear is 122 to 160 cm (4 ft 0 in to 5 ft 3 in). Most polar bears elsewhere will never have access to these alternatives, except for the marine mammal carcasses that are important wherever they occur. Fifty long-distance swims were recorded; the longest at 354 kilometres (220 mi), with an average of 155 kilometres (96 mi). In the 1950s, the Cold War sparked a race to visit Earth's moon with flybys, robots, and crewed missions. As a carnivore, which feeds largely upon fish-eating carnivores, the polar bear ingests large amounts of vitamin A that is stored in their livers. [129] After the mother leaves, sibling cubs sometimes travel and share food together for weeks or months. There is endless game of running, Polar Bear will be obstructed by many glaciers, obstacles, you have to keep your nerves and keep jumping or sliding through the obstacles to avoid them. 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